The explorers built huts on what is now called Bull Point, and commenced hunting and fishing around the bay. Bull Point was likely chosen because it was a defensible position with a supply of fresh water and a view of the ocean approaches. This area was recently visited by the Mersey Heritage Society during a field trip held in November 2000.
Champlain's map (right) shows the location of the dwellings, and the major features of Port Mouton Bay: Mouton Island, Broad River/Summerville Beach (labeled "E" in upper right), and Spectacle Island (labeled "H" at centre). We known that Champlain left to explore further south and into St. Mary's Bay. He may have drawn many of the inland details, such as "G" (the causeway) and "f" (the Pond) based on the accounts of others, which would explain their distorted appearance.
Ganong, in his translation of Champlain's works for the Champlain Society, said that this was one of Champlain's poorest quality maps. The Atlantic coastline (labeled "M"along the bottom) has actually been drawn at right angles to its actual position, and Bull Point's prominence has been greatly exaggerated. Ganong thought that this indicated the map was drawn from a position on Bull Point.
No testing is planned for this site in the immediate future. The land is currently
undeveloped and privately owned, and undergoes little recreational use. Due
to the short duration of occupation (about 4 weeks in 1604), the likelihood
of discovering artifacts by constructing two or three test pits is unlikely.
The Mersey Heritage Society will help to protect this site and look for opportunities
to conduct physical surveys in the future.
The L'Ordre du Bon Temps website has the following about Champlain and Port Mouton. This site also has a good deal of general history of Champlain and Acadia:
The following excerpt is from History of Nova Scotia "Early Settlement & Baronial Battles: 1605-90". This page also has a lot of general history about Champlain and his times.
For information about another Acadian site in Queens County, see our Nicolas Denys fishing post page.
Guysboro Township at Port Mouton and Tarleton's Legion. The Mersey Heritage Society plans to conduct testing at this Loyalist site, also located in Port Mouton.
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© 2006 Mersey Heritage Society